Wheelchair Tennis Rules


In wheelchair tennis, the ITF Tennis Rules apply, with the following exceptions.

a. Ball Bounces Twice The wheelchair player has the right to bounce the ball twice. The player must send the ball to the opposite court without bouncing for the third time. The second jump may be inside the court or outside the court boundaries.

b. Wheelchair The wheelchair is considered a part of the body and all rules regarding the player's body also apply to the wheelchair.

c. Service

I. The service will be done as follows. Before serving directly, the player to serve must be in a fixed position. The player can then make a push before hitting the ball.

ii. The service must be fired between the sideline and the middle service mark and without touching the wheelchair.

iii. If the player's physical disability does not permit the serve in the traditional way, the ball may be dropped by the player or an assistant. However, the same method should be used for each shot.

d. Player Losing Points

I. The player bounces the ball three times

ii. Subject to Rule e stated below, when the ball is in play, the player uses his foot or below the waist against the floor or wheelchair to serve, kick, turn or stand or stabilize.

iii. If the hip breaks contact with the wheelchair while the player is meeting the ball. The player loses points. to. Pushing the Chair with the Foot

I. If the physical disability of the player does not allow him to push the chair in the traditional way, he can use one foot to move the chair.

ii. Depending on the rule e-i, even if the player can use one foot to move the chair;

a) when swinging the racket forward and hitting the ball,

b) from the start of the serving action until the moment he hits the ball, Any part of the foot cannot touch the ground.

iii. If the player violates this rule, they lose the score.

f. Wheelchair / Barrier-Free Player Tennis When a wheelchair player is playing singles or doubles matches with a non-disabled player, when they become a partner or opponent, the disabled player is evaluated according to the Wheelchair Tennis Rules and the non-disabled player according to the Tennis Rules. For example, the unimpeded player can bounce the ball once, while the wheelchair player can bounce the ball twice.

Note: What is meant by waist down; hip, butt, upper and lower leg, ankle and foot.

Changing Tennis Rules

The official written language of the Tennis Rules is strictly and always in English. Changes in the rules can only be provided if the declaration containing the requested change in accordance with Article 17 (Notice of Resolution) of the Annual General Meeting or ITF Regulation is taken by the Federation and 2/3 majority of the Federation has decided in this direction.

If the board members with the majority in the meeting do not object, any rule change will take effect from the first day of the following January.

The Board of Directors is authorized to solve and answer urgent questions that may arise about the rule comments, provided that it is approved at the next General Meeting.

This Rule cannot be changed at any time, after it has not been unanimously accepted at the General Assembly Meeting.




a. The outer surface of the ball must be covered with white or yellow felt. The joints of this felt should be seamless.

b. There are multiple types of balls, as indicated in the table below.

TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3 HIGH ALTITUDE (FAST) (MEDIUM) (SLOW) (1219 m and above)

WEIGHT 56-59.4 grams 56-59.4 grams 56-59.4 grams 56-59.4 grams

SIZE 6.54-6.85 cm 6.54-6.85 cm 6.98-7.30 cm 6.54-6.85 cm

JUMP 135-147 cm 135-147 cm 135-147 cm

Note: The "TYPE 2" ball can be pressurized or unpressurised. The internal pressure coefficient of the non-pressure ball is more than 1 psi (7kPa) can't. These types of balls can be used in high altitude competitions 60 days before the tournament or after they have been adapted to the environment.

The "TYPE 3" ball can also be used at high altitudes and on all types of court floors.

"High Altitude" balls are pressurized and this feature is stated on the box.

c. Tests for the ball must be carried out in accordance with the "Testing Regulations" determined by the ITF.


This classification is made within the framework of the rules written in the ITF CS 01/02 (ITF Court Floor Grade) document and determined in the ITF tennis court surface test regulation.

ITF Court Ground Degree;

Courts between 0-29 are called "Slow Court". For example; clay (kley) court and free material (sand etc.) court.

Courts between 30-34 are called "Medium - Slow Court", and those between 35-39 are called "Medium Court". For example; mostly acrylic-based floors and some carpet courts.

Courts between 40-44 are called "Medium-Speed ​​Court". Courts with more than 45 are called "Speed ​​Court". For example; mostly natural grass courts, artificial grass courts and some of the carpet courts.

Situation: Which ball type should be used on which ground?

Verdict: Although there are three different ball types approved according to the Rules of Tennis;

Type 1 (fast) ball; on slow-floor courts

Type 2 (middle) ball; medium-slow, medium and medium-speed courts with ground

Type 3 (slow) ball; It is used on fast-floor courts.



a. Strike area; It is the area formed by the hole where the strings enter the frame of the racket and the connection they make with the frame. This area, albeit small, should be plane and the wires crossing each other and connected to the frame. The strands should be in the form of a wickerwork and weaving meticulously in the center, with more mesh than in other areas. The racket must be woven and designed to have the same game character on both sides. The racket must be free from all kinds of objects, except for the removable accessories that are produced only for the purpose, to prevent wear and deformation, to prevent vibration, and to distribute weight only on the condition that they are attached to the frame. These objects added later should be in reasonable places and sizes.

b. The frame of the racket cannot be longer than 73.3 cm (29 inches) and wider than 31.7 cm (12.5 inches), including its handle. The stroke area cannot be longer than 39.4 cm (15.5 inches) and wider than 29.2 cm (11.5 inches).

c. The frame and strings of the racket, including the handle, must be free of designs that will alter the shape of the racket in material or the racket's longitudinal weight distribution and increase the performance of the racket by affecting its forward swing momentum. No energy source (solar cells, micro chips, etc.) objects can be attached to the racket during the production phase or afterwards.

The racket must be audible or visible, free of communication devices with which the player can communicate, receive advice or directions during the match.




  1. 1.Advertising is permitted on the net at a distance of 91.4 cm (3 feet) from the center of the net post, provided that it does not interfere with the view and play of players.
  3. 2. Advertisements, other signs and materials can be placed on the back and sides of the court, provided that they do not interfere with the views and games of the players.
  5. 3. Advertising signs may be placed on the floor of the court and outside the lines only, provided that they do not interfere with the views and play of the players.
  7. 4. Notwithstanding the items 1, 2 and 3 mentioned in the above paragraph, advertisements and signs placed on the net, on the sides of the court and outside the lines on the court floor cannot contain white, yellow or other light colors that interfere with the view and play of the players.
  9. 5. Advertising materials and signs cannot be placed on the floor, within the lines defining the court.
  10. ANNEX IV
  12. SCORING IN THE GAME (Rule 5):
  13. "Decision Score (No-Ad)" "Decision Score", provided that the score of the server is stated first, is applied as follows;
  14. No points - "Zero"
  15. First point - "Fifteen"
  16. Second point - "Thirty"
  17. Third point -
  18. "Forty" Fourth point - "Game"
  19. If each of the players / teams scores three points, the score will be "Draw" and a decision point will be played. The receiving player service decides whether it will pick up from the right or left half of the court. In double matches, the players of the receiving team cannot be replaced. The player / team that earns the decision point wins this game.
  21. In mixed doubles, the player serving for decision points will be the same serve as the server. Players on the receiving team cannot change places to meet the decision score.

SCORING IN SET (Rules 6 and 7)

1. "SHORT SET" The first player / team to win four games, with a minimum of two points, wins the set. If the games are tied four or four, the "tie-break" game begins.

MATCH 2 TIE-BREAK (7 points) If sets are one-one or two-two (in matches of five sets) a tie-break game is played to determine the winner. This tie-break game replaces the final set.

The first player / team to gain seven points, with at least two points superior to the opponent, will win the match tie-break set.

3. MATCH TIE-BREAK (10 points) If sets are one-one or two-two (in matches of five sets) a tie-break game is played to determine the winner. This tie-break game replaces the final set.

The first player / team to win ten points, with at least two more points over the opponent, wins the match tie-break set.

Note: When using the match tie-break method instead of the final set;

• The original service order continues (Rules 5 and 14)

• In pair matches, players can change the serving / receiving order at the beginning of each set. (Rules 14 and 15)

• Before the match starts the tie-break set, a 120 second rest between sets is given.

• Even if it is time to change the ball, the ball is not changed when the match tie-break begins.


The following alternative can be used in the tie-break game;

During the tie-break game, the field is changed after the first point and after every four points following this, the field change continues.


This alternative method, as stated in Rule 22a, the game continues if the ball hits the net, the middle or upper band and lands on the correct square when served.

(This alternative is known as the "No Let Rule.")



The referee is the sole authority on all tennis rules and laws, and his decision is final.

If there is a tower referee in a match, the turret referee will make the final decision in solving operational problems that may arise during the match.

Players have the right to call the referee to the court in cases where they disagree with the tower referee on the interpretation of tennis laws.

If there is a line or net referee in the match, all calls connected to the line they look at (including foot fault) and the net will be made by the relevant referees. When the tower judge sees a clear error, he can correct the calls made by these referees (line and file). In matches without line and net referees, the tower referee (including foot error) is obliged to make all calls.

If the line judge fails to call, he must immediately signal to the tower judge so that the tower judge can make the necessary call immediately. If the line judge is absent or unable to make a call and the tower referee cannot decide on this operational problem, the score is repeated.

In team matches where the 1st referee sits on the court, the referee may also make the final decision on operational problems.

The tower referee may stop the game or suspend the game at any time he deems necessary. The referee may also stop and postpone the game when it gets dark or if the weather and court conditions deteriorate. If the game is to be delayed due to clouding, this must be done at the end of the set or in even-numbered games of the running set. When restarting the interrupted game, the players' position on the court and the points continue where they left off.

The tower referee and the referee take and apply operational decisions depending on the continuity of the game and the rule violations that occur.

Situation 1: The tower referee has awarded the player the first service right after a correction. However, the receiving player states that the first service has already gone out and that the second service should be repeated. Can the referee be called to the court to make this decision?

Verdict: Yes. The tower referee made the initial decision within the tennis law (depending on the specific application for this action). However, if the player does not agree with the tower referee then the referee may be called upon to make the final decision.

Case 2: In an away call, the player claims the ball is inside. Can the referee be called to the court for this situation?

Verdict: No. All decisions on operational problems are made by the tower referee (depending on what the specific situation requires depending on the problem).

Case 3: Can the tower referee correct the line judge after the score is over if he believes that a blatant mistake was made before?

Verdict: No. The tower judge can only correct the obvious mistake of the line judge immediately after the error was made.

Situation 4: After the line referee calls outside, the player protests by saying the ball is inside. Can the tower judge correct the line judge?

Verdict: No. A tower referee never changes his mind after a player's complaint or protest.

Case 5: The line judge has called outside. But the turret referee cannot see the ball very well, but thinks the ball is inside. Can the tower judge correct the line judge?

Verdict: No. If the tower judge is sure that the line judge made a clear mistake, he can correct.

Case 6: Can the line judge change his decision after the tower judge's score announcement?

Verdict: Yes. The line referee can correct his decision as soon as he becomes aware of the mistake he has made, provided that it is not the result of the player's objection or protest.

Case 7: If the tower referee or line judge corrects his "out" call inside, what is the correct decision to make?

Ruling: The tower referee must decide whether the "out" call is a blocking for both players. If this is an obstruction, the points are repeated. If not blocking, the player who hits the ball earns the point.

Situation 8: When the ball comes back over the net after it touches the opposite court, the opponent prevents the player from catching the ball and hitting it. What's the right decision?

Ruling: The tower referee must decide whether the blocking was intentional or involuntary in order to award the score to the blocked player or to repeat the point.


  1. Ball track examination is only made on the clay court.
  2. 2. After the hit that finished the score that the tower referee could not make from his chair or the score in progress, the player (team) may request a trail review by stopping the game (here the player can take a hit but must stop immediately afterwards).
  3. 3. When the tower judge decides to examine the ball trail, he must get off his chair and go to the trail and examine the trail himself. If he is not sure, he can get help from the line judge about the place of the track. But then he has to do the scrutiny on his own.
  4. 4. If the place of the track is not clear or the track is unreadable, the first call or correction by the tower judge or line judge remains unchanged.
  5. 5. If the trail is determined and examined by the tower judge and a decision is made once, that decision is the final (final) decision and cannot be changed or appealed.
  6. 6. On the clay court, the tower judge should not rush to the call unless he is completely sure. If he is unsure, he must decide whether a ball trail inspection is needed before calling.
  7. 7. In pairs, the player may protest when play is stopped or the tower referee stops play. After the objection is made to the tower referee, the tower referee must first decide whether this objection was made correctly or not. If the protest was not made correctly or if it was late, the turret referee may decide that the opposing team was deliberately blocked.
  8. 8. If the player clears the track before the tower judge makes his final (final) decision, the player accepts the call.
  9. 9. A player cannot look for the track of the ball by crossing the opposing court in a way that will cause a Rule Violation-Unsportsmanlike Action.


The methods to be followed in tournaments using the Electronic Review System (Hawk Eye) are as follows.

  1. 1.After the hit call or correction that ended the score, or in the score in progress, the player (team) may request an Electronic Review by stopping the game (where the player can take a hit but must stop immediately afterwards).
  3. 2. The tower referee may decide to use the Electronic Review to clear any doubts about the call or correction. However, the tower judge may refuse the player's request if he finds it unreasonable or incorrect in timing.
  5. 3. In pairs, the player may protest when the game is stopped or the tower referee stops play. After the objection is made to the tower referee, the tower referee must first decide whether this objection was made correctly or not. If the protest was not made correctly or if it was late, the turret referee may decide that the opposing team was deliberately blocked. In this case, the opposing team loses the point.
  7. 4. If the Electronic Review does not work, the original call or correction decision for that line remains unchanged.
  9. 5. The decision of the tower referee as a result of the Electronic Review is the final (final) decision and cannot be appealed. If one of the various ball tracks is to be examined, the referee of the tournament will decide which track will be examined.

ANNEX IV 10 YEARS AND UNDER OFFICIAL TENNIS MATCHES (Approved by trials until 31 December 2008)


In addition to the full court, the following court sizes can also be used in official matches of 10 years and under.

• Red Court; It can be 10.97 m (36 feet) or 12.80 m (42 feet) long, 4.88 m (16 feet) or 5.79 m (19 feet) wide. The medium height of the net is 80 cm (31.5 inches).

• Orange Court; It can be 18.29 m (60 feet) long, 6.40 m (21 feet) to 8.23 ​​m (27 feet) wide. The medium height of the net is 80 cm (31.5 inches) or 91.4 cm (36 inches).


The following ball types are recommended for players aged 10 and under:

• 3rd degree (red) or 2nd degree (orange) balls are recommended on the red courts.

• 2nd degree (orange) or 1st degree (green) balls are recommended on orange courts.

• 1st degree (green) balls are recommended in full court. 3rd degree, 2nd degree and 1st degree balls are defined under the heading “ITF approved tennis balls and classified court surfaces” and announced by the ITF. Scoring methods:

Scoring methods to be applied for games aged 10 and under played with 3rd degree (red), 2nd degree (orange) or 1st degree (green) balls are detailed in the Tennis Rules (including ANNEX) section. In addition, one of the shortened scoring methods, match tie-break, three tie-break sets or one set can be played.