Rules

TENNIS RULES

1. COURT The court is a rectangle. It is 23.77m (78 feet) long, 10.97m (36 feet) wide. For singles competition the width is 8.23m (27 feet).

The court is divided in half by a steel wire or net suspended from the cord that passes over two 1.07m (3.1 / 2 feet) high poles. The net should be taut, completely filling between the posts, and be woven so tightly that the ball does not pass. The middle height of the net is 0.914m

The height and tension of the net is adjusted with a "middle band" (3 feet) that passes over the steel wire holding the net and is fixed to the ground. The steel wire on the net must be covered by a tape (net tape). Net tape and middle band should be completely white.

• The diameter or thickness of the steel wire or cord is 0.8 cm (1/3 inch) maximum.

• The width of the middle band is maximum 5 cm (2 inches). The width of the net band is a minimum of 5 cm (2 inches) down both sides of the steel wire and a maximum of 6.35 cm (2.1 / 2 inches).

The center of the net post for doubles matches is 0.914 cm (3 feet) for both sides from the outside of the doubles court lines.

In singles matches, if singles net is used, the center of the net post is 0.914 cm (3 feet) for each side from the outside of the singles court lines. If a doubles net is used, then the net is supported by two "singles sticks" 1.07 m (3.1 / 2 feet) high.

The center of the singles club is 0.914 cm (3 feet) for each side from the outside of the singles court lines.

• The width or diameter of the net pole cannot be greater than 15 cm (6 inches).

• The width or diameter of singles stick cannot be greater than 7,5 cm (3 inches).

• Net pole and singles stick cannot be more than 2.5 cm (1 inch) above the steel wire holding the net. The lines at the end of the court are called "back lines", and the lines at the edges of the court are called "side lines". Between the singles side lines, there are two lines drawn parallel to the net and at a distance of 6.40 m (21 feet) on either side of the net. These are called "service lines". The area between the service lines and the net on both sides of the net is divided into two by the "service center line" and forms the "service square". The service midline is drawn parallel to the singles side lines and centered exactly. The back lines are bisected by a 10 cm (4 inch) mark. This mark is the "service center mark" and is drawn into the court and parallel to the side lines.

• Service centerline and service center mark are 5 cm (2 inches) wide.

• The width of the other lines of the court should be between 2.5 cm (1 inch) and 5 cm (2 inches). Only the back lines may be 10 cm (4 inches) wide. All measurements on the court should be taken from outside the lines and the color of the lines should be diametrically opposite to the floor of the court. It is forbidden to advertise on the floor of the court, net, tapes, poles and singles sticks other than those specified in ANNEX III.

2. FITTINGS Fixtures on the court; back and side walls - stoppers, spectators, seats and grandstands, all fixed objects around and above the court, the tower referee, line referees standing where they should be, and ball collectors.

In the singles match played in the doubles net, the part between the singles bat and the net post is considered as a fixture, not a part of the net or the pole.

3. TOP The balls must be approved by the ITF and fully comply with the rules detailed in Annex I.

The International Tennis Federation examines the offered balls or prototypes by applying all the rules specified in ANNEX I and decides whether they are suitable for playing. Such a decision may be made on its own initiative, or it may be made in practice by any party with genuine interest, including the player, equipment, manufacturer, or the National Federation or its members.

Tournament organization;

a. How many balls to play (2, 3, 4 or 6).

b. If so, it's time to change the ball.

must announce in advance.

Ball exchange;

I. In the agreed odd-numbered sections of the game. However, since the warm-up time is counted as two games, only the balls that started the match are exchanged two games before. The tie-break section is considered a game for changing the ball. No ball change is made at the beginning of the tie-break.

If the ball exchange has come to the start of the tie-break, in such a case the ball exchange is in the second game of the next set or ii. It is done at the start of the next set. If the ball bursts while playing, the score is repeated.

Case 1: At the end of the score, the ball appears to soften (land). Should the score be repeated?

Ruling: If the ball has softened, not burst, no repetition will be made.

Note: The balls used in the tournament must be posted on the ITF list and the ball boxes must be marked as "approved by the ITF".

4. RACKET

Racket is a tool specified in detail in Annex II and approved within the framework of Tennis Rules.

The International Tennis Federation examines all rackets or prototypes by applying all the rules specified in Annex II and decides whether they are suitable for playing.

Case 1: Is it allowed to draw more than one wire (line) in the striking area of ​​the racket?

Verdict: No. The rules talk about how the racket shooting will take place (See Annex II).

Case 2: Even if the striking area does not lose its plane feature, is the racket pulled by passing two strings through the same hole considered as regular?

Verdict: No.

Case 3: Can a vibration rubber be attached to the racket's wires? If so, where can it be installed? Verdict: Yes, but can only be attached to wires outside of the knitted area.

Case 4: The racket's wire breaks while the score is being played. Can the player start the next score with the broken string racket? Verdict: Yes. But if there is no restriction by the organization.

Case 5: Can a player use two racquets anywhere in the game?

Verdict: No.

Case 6: Can the racket be fitted with batteries that could affect hits? Verdict: No. Since it is an energy source, it is prohibited to attach batteries, solar energy cells and similar devices to the racket.

5. GAME SCORE

a. Standard game:

In the standard game, the score is announced by first telling the server's score as follows:

No Score - "Zero" 1st point - "15" 2nd point - "30" 3rd point - "40" 4th point - "Game"

If both players / teams scored three points, the score was "Draw". The player / team that earns the point after the draw has earned the "Advantage". If the same player / team wins the next point, the "Game" also wins. If there is a draw again, the player / team that wins two points in a row wins the game.

b. Tie-break game

In the tie-break game, the scores continue as "Zero", "1", "2", "3" ……. The player / team that wins 7 points wins that "Game" and "Set". For this, there must be at least two points difference. If necessary, the tie-break continues until a difference of two points is achieved.

Whoever has the turn to serve starts the tie-break. After serving the first serve, it is the opponent's turn to serve (whoever is the serving turn in the doubles match), and after this stage, the service changes hands every two services. The service ranking in the doubles match, It remains the same until the tie-break ends.

The player / team that starts the tie-break game by serving starts with the first game of the next set.

In addition to these, alternative scoring methods can be found in Annex IV.

6. SET SCORE

Different methods are used in set scoring. Two of these are the main methods: “Advantage Set” and Tie-Break Set ”. Which one will be applied is announced before the tournament. If it is declared that "Tie-Break Set" will be applied, it must be declared whether the final set will be "Tie-Break Set" or "Advantage Set".

a. "Advantage Set" The first player / team to win six games wins the "Set". But at least two games must have been won with a difference. The set continues until these two differences are achieved.

b. "Tie-Break Set" The first player / team to win six games wins the "Set". But at least two games must have been won with a difference. If the score ties 6/6, the tie-break game begins.

In addition to these, alternative scoring methods can be found in Annex IV.

7. MATCH SCORE

Matches are played over 3 Sets (player / team must win two of these sets) and 5 Sets (player / team must win three of these sets).

In addition to these, alternative scoring methods can be found in Annex IV.

8. SERVICE TAKING AND WELCOMING Players / teams stand on separate sides of the net. The server is the player who starts the first score by putting the ball into play. The receiver is the player who is ready to receive the ball thrown into the game by the server.

Case 1: Can the receiving player wait where he / she wants? Verdict: Yes. The receiving player can wait on his side of the net anywhere inside or outside the court and in any position.

9. FIELD AND SERVICE SELECTION For the first game of the match, the pitch and the choice of the server or the receiver are determined by the toss before it starts to warm up. The player / team that wins the lottery can choose:

a. For the first game of the match to serve or receive, in this case the opponent player / team chooses the court; or

b. Selects the court for the first game of the match, in which case the opposing player / team will serve or receive; or

c. He may ask the opponent player / team to make one of the above selections.

Case 1: If both players / teams stop warm-up and leave the court, do they have the right to re-elect when they return to the court? Verdict: Yes. The winner of the toss does not change, but both players / teams can change their choices.

10. FIELD CHANGE In each set, the players change courses at the end of the first, third, fifth and subsequent odd-numbered games. If the set ends with an even score, the replacement will be made at the end of the first game.

In the tie-break game, players change places every six points.

In addition to these, alternative scoring methods can be found in Annex IV.

11. THE BALL IS IN PLAY

If there is no "error" or "clear", the ball is considered to be in play until the service is taken and the point runs out (ball dies).

12. BALL HITS THE LINE

Since the court is restricted from outside the lines, the ball touching the line is considered inside.

13. CONTACT OF THE BALL TO FIXTURE

If the ball hits the fixture after it hits the correct court, the player who hits the ball earns points. If the ball hits the fixture before it hits the correct court, the player who hit the ball loses points.

14. SERVICE ORDER At the end of each standard game, the server - the serving, the serving for the next game - becomes the server for the next game. In the doubles match, the starting team decides who will serve. Similarly, in the next game, the opposing team decides who will serve for that game. In the first game, the server's partner serves in the third game, and in the second game the server's partner serves in the fourth game. This change sequence continues until the set ends.

15. SERVICE RECEPTION ORDER (IN PAIRS) The team that will receive the service in the first game decides who will receive the service before the first game starts. Likewise, before the second game starts, the receiving team decides who will meet. The partner of the player who receives the service for the first point meets the service for the second point. This alternation sequence continues until the game and set are over.

After the service has been received, any player on the team can hit the ball.

Case 1: Can one of the partners play alone against the opposing team? Verdict: No

16. SERVICE Before starting the serve move, the player must be in a comfortable position with both feet on the ground behind the back line (not touching the line), without touching or crossing the imaginary extension of the center service mark and the sideline.

The player then takes the ball out of his hand in the direction he wants, and hits it with a racket before the ball falls to the ground. If the player has one arm, he can perform this action with his racket. The serve action is completed when the racket hits or misses the ball.

17. SERVICE SHOOT In the standard game, the server serves on half of the court where it should be. The player starts serving from the right half of the court and after each point he finishes the game by throwing from the other side. The serve is thrown from the right side in a draw and from the left in advantage.

The tie-break game begins with the first serve being thrown from the right half of the court, and after each point the server serves on the half of the court where it should be. Before hitting the receiving ball, the service must pass the net and fall on the opposite service square.

18. FOOT ERROR

If the player violates one of the following rules during the service move, he has committed a "Foot Error".

a. If he disrupts his position by walking or running (But he may shuffle),

b. Touches the backline or the court

c. If it crosses the imaginary extension of the borders, D. If the middle touches the imaginary extension of the service mark.

Case 1: In the singles match, can the server serving from behind the back line but between the singles sideline and the doubles sideline? Verdict: No.

Case 2: Can the player raise one or both feet while serving? Verdict: Yes

19. SERVICE ERROR

a. If the serving player violates rules 16, 17 and 18,

b. The serving player misses while trying to hit the ball.

c. If the served ball hits one of the fixtures, singles bat or net post before it hits the correct square,

d. If the served ball touches the serving player, his partner or their wearing or carrying objects.

Situation 1: The player stopped hitting the ball he threw in the air to use the service and held it.

Is this a "mistake"?

Verdict: No. If the player who threw the ball up for the service stops hitting the ball, he may hold the ball with his hand or racket, or allow the ball to fall to the ground.

Case 2: In a singles match played with the net post and the singles bat, the served ball hit the singles bat and fell on the correct serving frame. Is this a mistake?

Verdict: Yes.

20. SECOND SERVICE

Unless he is kicked from the wrong side, the player who makes a mistake on the first serve uses the second serve from the same half of the court without delay.

21. SERVICE AND WELCOME TIME The serving cannot serve until the receiving player is ready. However, the receiving player must keep up with the pace of the server and the server must be ready to welcome as soon as he is ready.

We should also see that the receiving player is ready to receive the service. If we see that the receiving player is not ready, the service served will not be considered a fault.

22. SERVICE REPEAT

a. If the served ball hits the net, middle band, net band and falls on the correct serving square,

If the served ball hits the net, the middle band, the net band, and then hits the opponent or the opponent's partner or an object that they are carrying or wearing before it hits the ground,

b. If the service was served when the receiving player was not ready.

The service is repeated. In the repeat service, the service is not taken into consideration and the service person uses the service again. But the previous service error remains unchanged.

In addition to these, alternative applications can be found in Annex IV.

23. POINT REPEAT (Let)

All points are repeated when the point repeat (Let) call is made, except for the repetition of the second service (Net).

Case 1: While the ball is in play, another ball has rolled into the court and a point replay (Let) is called. But the player made a mistake in the previous service. In this case, will the player use the first service or the second service?

Verdict: Service one. All points must be repeated.

24. PLAYER LOSE POINTS

a. If the player has made two service failures in a row.

b. The player was unable to bring the ball into play before the ball bounces twice in a row.

c. The player hits the ball on his own court before crossing over, hitting an object outside or outside the correct area, while receiving the service,

d. The player's throw-in touches any fixture before it falls on the correct court.

e. The player meets the service before the ball hits the ground,

f. The player deliberately carries the ball with his racket or touches the ball more than once.

g. When the ball is in play, the player's racket (whether or not), any object wearing or carrying touches the net, the net's band or the middle band, the steel wire or cord carrying the net, and the opponent's court,

h. The ball hits the net before it has passed the net. I. The ball in play touches the player, the object that he wears or is carrying (other than the racket he is holding).

j. The ball in play touches the racket when the player's racket is not in his hand.

k. The player changes the structural shape or property of the racket while the ball is in play.

l. When turning the ball down in a doubles match, both players touch the ball,

Points are lost.

Situation 1: After the player had served first, his racket jumped out of his hand and hit the net before the ball hit the opposite court. Is this a faulty service, does it lose player points?

Ruling: The server loses the score because the racket touched the net while the ball was in play.

Situation 2: After the player performed the first serve and the ball fell out of the correct serving frame, the racket jumped out of his hand and hit the net. Is this a faulty service, does the server lose the score?

Verdict: This is an erroneous serve, because the ball is no longer in play when the racket hits the net.

Situation 3: What happens if the receiving player's partner touches the net while the service is taken in a doubles match while going out of the service square?

Ruling: The receiving team loses the point because the ball is still in play.

Case 4: Will the player lose the score if he crosses the imaginary extension line of the net before or after hitting the ball?

Ruling: The player does not lose the point after not touching the opponent's court.

Case 5: Can the player jump over the net into the opponent's court while the ball is in play?

Verdict: No. The player loses points.

Situation 6: The player throws his racket at the ball and the racket falls into the opponent's court with the ball. The opponent also has no chance of catching up with this ball. Who will earn the point?

Ruling: The player who throws the racket at the ball loses the point.

Situation 7: The ball hits the recipient or the receiver's partner before the serve hits the correct square. Who will earn the point?

Decision: After no serve or point repeat, the server earns the point

Case 8: What happens if the player waiting outside the court hits or catches the ball before it hits the ground?

Ruling: The player loses the point (if the ball is in play and the score continues).

25.WEARING THE BALL ACCORDING TO THE RULES

a. Except as specified in Rule 2 and 24 (d), if the ball hits the net, net / singles club, middle band or net band, cordon or steel wire and falls into the correct square,

b. After the ball is in play and lands on the correct court, it returns back by spinning or flying over the net and the player catches the ball and hits the ball without violating rule 24.

c. Except as specified in Rules 2 and 24 (d), if the ball passes from outside, over or next to the net post, even touching the net post and falls into the right court

d. If the ball passes between the singles bat and the net post and under the net cord without touching the net, net cord and net post, and falls into the right court,

e. The player's racket passes to the opposite court after hitting the ball in his own court and the ball lands in the correct area.

f. The ball hits by the player hits the ball that is stationary on the correct court.

The ball has been received in accordance with the rules.

Situation 1: If the ball hit by the player hits the singles stick and lands on the correct court, will it be met according to the rules? Verdict: Yes. However, if the served ball hits the singles stick, it is a faulty service.

Situation 2: What happens if the ball is in play and hits another ball that is stationary on the correct court?

Decision: The game continues. If we are not sure that the correct ball is played, points must be repeated.

26. BLOCK

A player who is deliberately blocked by his opponent while playing the score earns the point. If the block is not in the hands of the opponent or occurs outside the control of the players (excluding the fixture), the score is repeated.

Case 1: Is the unintentional double hit blocking? Verdict: No. Read rule 24 (f).

Situation 2: The player stopped the game because he thought his opponent was blocked. Is this a hindrance?

Verdict: No. The player loses points.

Situation 3: The ball played hits a flying bird over the court. Is this a hindrance?

Verdict: Yes, the score is repeated.

Case 4: Would a ball or object that was stationary on the court throughout the score prevent the players as soon as the next score starts?

Verdict: No.

Case 5: Where can the partner of the serving or receiving player in the doubles match wait?

Decision: The partners of the serving or receiving players can wait in the area on their side of the net, inside or outside the court, wherever and whenever they want. If they cause a block in doing so, the block rule will be applied.

27. CORRECTION OF ERRORS

If any mistake is made in the Rules of Tennis, in principle, the error is corrected immediately and the played points remain the same. Errors are corrected as follows:

a. In the standard or tie-break game, if the serving player has served from the wrong half of the court, the error is corrected as soon as it is noticed and the service is discarded from the correct half, depending on the score. If there is an error in the first service before the error is detected, this error will remain.

b. In the standard or tie-break game, if the serving player has served from the wrong field, the error is corrected as soon as the error is noticed and the service is thrown from the correct field depending on the score. In the standard game, if the serving order is mixed, the service passes to the player who should serve as soon as the error is noticed. It will not be valid if there is a service error. However, if the error is noticed after the game is over, the serving sequence continues in this manner until the end of the set. In this case, the ball exchange is made one game after the time it should have been.

c.   In the doubles match, the service error caused by the serving partner out of turn remains.

d. If a player serves out of turn in a tie-break game and this error is equal (even number) is noticed in points, the error is corrected immediately. If it is noticed in odd numbers, the service order continues by changing. Service error made by the opponent does not count. However, the service error made by the partner remains in the couples.

e. In a standard or tie-break game in a doubles match, if the serving partners are mixed, this error remains uncorrected until the end of the game. In the next game, the partners start the game by getting where they should be.

f. If the tie-break game is started when the score is below-six while the "Advantage Set" should be played; If only one point has been played, the error is corrected immediately. However, if the second point is started to be played, the set continues as "Tie-break Set".

g. If the "Tie-break Set" is supposed to be played, if the standard game is started when the score is lower-below; If only one point has been played, the error is corrected immediately. However, if the second point has started to be played, the set continues as "Advantage Set". When ties of eight to eight (or more) are reached in the games, the tie-break game resumes.

h. If the "Advantage Set" or "Tie-Break Set" is started when the final set should be "Match Tie-break"; If only one point has been played, the error is corrected immediately. But if the second point has started to be played, the set continues until one of the players wins three games (considered to have won the set). If the score is two-two, the "Match Tie-break" begins. However, if the error is noticed after the second score of the fifth game starts, the set continues as "Tie-break Set" (See Annex IV).

I. If the change of ball was not made in time, the ball is exchanged when it is the turn of the player / team to start the game with the new balls. The next ball change takes place at the agreed time. The ball must not be changed in game.

28.The ROLE OF THE REFEREE AT THE COURT

The role and responsibilities of the referees assigned for the matches are found in the "Annex V" section.

29. GAME PROCESS

In principle, the process of play is the time from the start of the match (the first serve of the match to the game) to the end of the match.

a. The time between points is a maximum of twenty (20) seconds. The maximum rest period is ninety (90) seconds while changing the field. However, after the first game and in the tie-break game, the field change is done without rest. There is a maximum of one hundred and twenty (120) seconds rest at the end of each set. Maximum time means the time elapsed from the moment the score ends (the ball dies) to the moment the first service is rendered for the next score. Tournament organizers may apply to the ITF to request the extension of the ninety (90) seconds of field change and one hundred and twenty (120) seconds between sets.

b. If clothing, shoes, or essential items (other than the racket) that are beyond the player's control become deformed or need to be replaced, the player may take an extra, acceptable time to rectify the issue.

c. No extra time is given to the player to improve his fitness. However, when the player has a treatable problem, he may request a three-minute “medical break” once to correct the problem. If announced before the tournament, there may be a limited number of toilet / dress change breaks.

d. The organization may give a maximum of ten (10) minutes rest periods, provided that it is announced before the tournament starts. This rest break can be awarded at the end of the second set of the 3-set match, and at the end of the third set of the 5-set match. to. Warm-up time is maximum five (5) minutes, unless the tournament organization decides otherwise.

30.TACTIC MAKING

Giving any ideas and suggestions, visibly or audibly, in communication with the player is considered “tactical giving”.

In team matches, team captains sitting on the field can give tactics to the players between sets and between games. However, they cannot give tactics at the end of the first game and during the tie-break.

Tactics cannot be given in all matches other than this.

Situation 1: Can the player get tactics with signs even if it is not done right to him?

Verdict: No.

Situation 2: If the game is suspended, can the player take tactics?

Verdict: Yes